The Makalu trek region lies towards the east part of Nepal. This trekking area is protected by the Makalu Barun National Park and the Buffer zone area was established in 1992. The total area covered by the Makalu Barun National Park is 2330 sq km. The main features of this region is the tropical forests along the Arun river to icy mountain summits. The skyline is a seautiful panorama of Himalayan peaks, including Mt. Makalu (8,463m) fifth highest mountain in the world and fourth highest in Nepal. Mt. Chamlang (7,319m), Mt. Baruntse (7,129m). Mera Peak (6,654m). Flora and Fauna of Makalu region is also rich and is recognized for its tremendous diversity of plants, animals and people. The trail to Makalu trek area contains 25 species of rhododendron, 47 types of orchids, and 56 rare plants. Snow leopard, red panda, musk deer and wild boar are among the wildlife found here.
|Longitude||86° 50′ – 87° 20′|
|Latitude||27° 20′ – 27° 55′|
|Altitude Range||937m to 5000m|
|Trek Type||Fully Camping|
|Size of group||Minimum 4 people|
Facilities available for the trekkers during Makalu trek are the rented kerosene stoves and blankets for porters by Makalu Tourism Association. The rest of the facilities has to be provided by trekking group to the porters. There are about four shelters designed to be used by porters while they are inside the park. Making fire inside the shelter is strictly prohibited and should be used for sleeping purpose only. Several campsites have been designated along the Makalu trek route. The main purpose of this designated campsite is to minimize the impact on vegetation, aesthetic, landscapes damage and waste management during the trek. Seven campsites so far have been designated for trekkers in following destination Khongma 3500 m, Dobato 3500m, Yangle 3570m, Neghe 3700m, Langmale 4100m and Shershong 4600m.
The trek route in Makalu region are quite rocky. The most hazardous section of the trail is between Mumbuk and Yangle Kharka, which is an area of unstable and dangerous Rock fall. Trekkers in this area are advised to move quickly and watch carefully for falling rocks. Acute Mountain sickness is another serious risk if elevation gains are rapid without proper acclimatization.
Makalu trek access: There is a daily flights to Tumlingtar from Kathmandu and Biratnagar. Tumlingtar could also be reached from Biratnagar/Dharan. It is a 6/7 hrs drive to Hile and 3 day trek to Tumlingtar. You can also reach Inkhu valley of Makalu Barun from Lukla and Phalpu.
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